The simplest way to define gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. It is said that more than 70% of adults suffer from gingivitis due to improper brushing and flossing. Having gingivitis for an extended period of time can lead to bigger oral health issues such as periodontal disease. Having a better understanding of gingivitis and how to effectively treat it will surely lead to better overall oral health.
Gingivitis begins with plaque, a clear or white, sticky substance that forms on your teeth every day. Plaque contains bacteria that cause gingivitis and tooth decay, which is why it is essential to brush and floss each day. If plaque is left undisrupted, it will eventually harden into tartar, which can only be professionally removed. Tartar or dental calculus is a layer of mineral deposits from your saliva combined with plaque that harden and stick to the teeth.
Gingivitis can cause your gums to be red and bleed when you brush, but some may not notice anything. The warning signs of gingivitis are puffy gums, traces of blood on your toothbrush, or a change in the colour of your gums. In some cases it can cause bad breath, a bad taste or pain in the gums. The good news is gingivitis can be prevented and if started, it can be reversed.
Ways to prevent or reverse gingivitis are fairly simple with these six steps:
Brush all the surfaces of your teeth including the gum line twice a day for two minutes to ensure proper plaque removal.
Floss once a day to remove plaque in between the teeth.
Check your gums regularly and consult with your dentist if you notice any changes.
Practice healthy lifestyle habits. With healthy eating and proper oral hygiene you can reduce the chances of getting gingivitis and cavities.
Do not smoke. Smoking has been proven to cause oral cancers and other dental problems.
Remember, gingivitis if left untreated can start the second stage of gum disease (periodontal disease) which is unfortunately not reversible. Catching gingivitis early and treating it can save your teeth and gums. The dental professionals at Clinique Dentaire WM Dorval are happy to answer any questions or concerns you may have about your gums or gingivitis.
Contact us at 514-631-3811 to book your cleaning and check-up.